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Scavi Di Egnazia
Photo: Ministero della cultura

Scavi Di Egnazia

Greek for "Egnatia," Scavi di Egnazia was the Messapii's frontier settlement with the Salentini in antiquity. It was a medieval bishopric, Egnazia Appula, and now a Latin Catholic titular see. It was during the Bronze Age when the area first saw habitation (15th century BC). The Iapyges entered there in the eleventh century BC, and the Messapic era of the town began in the eighth century BC and ended with the Roman invasion in the third century BC.

It was significant for trade during the Roman era, given its seaside location at the confluence of the Via Traiana and the coast route, 50 kilometers (31 miles) southeast of Barium (Bari). It was renowned for its sun and fire worship, which Pliny described and Horace mocked. Due to the development of malaria in the region, Vandal and Saracen raids, or maybe Holy Roman Emperor Louis II of Italy's last blow, the city, an early bishopric, was abandoned in the Middle Ages. About 700 years ago, a Ravenna source made its last explicit reference. Benedictine historian Paul the Deacon indicates that Monopoli was still being fiercely fought over in 763.

Over a century ago, to supply building material, the historic city walls were all but completely demolished. The walls are 16 courses high and 8 yards (7.3 m) thick. The tomb finds that were found there have made the location renowned. Although a sizable collection of Gnatian artifacts is kept in Fasano, the greatest ones are in the museum in Bari.

According to tradition, Saint Peter, the Prince of Apostles, personally evangelized this area. A suffragan of the Archdiocese of Bari named Egnazia Appula was created around 400. It was suppressed in 545, and its territory was given to the Diocese of Monopoli. Thia wA presumably before the city was abandoned.

Rufentius, a bishop from Gnazia, took part in both the councils summoned by Italy's Ostrogoth monarch Theoderic the Great to judge that Pope, which entirely restored him. These councils were the three-part Council of Rome, held in 501, 502, and 504 under Pope Symmachus. Three subsequent bishops of Egnazia Puglia were listed, suggesting that the title had been reinstated. However, additional records raise the possibility that these were forgeries. Even if they weren't, the see was afterward suppressed:

Basilius is said to have been present at the Lateran Council in 649, which condemned Monothelitism as heresy. Eucherius was purportedly chosen in 701 and ordained by the Metropolitan of the Benevento-Siponto Archdiocese in 702. The church of San Giovanni de Portu Aspero in Monopoli, whose episcopal is said to have been moved there as the Diocese of Monopoli (without any supporting documentation), was purportedly dedicated by Selperius in 720. The church may have been established as late as the ninth century.

Since the Longobards' (Lombards) arrival in the sixth century, the city and bishopric have declined. However, the exact date of their extinction is unknown. In June 2004 was, the diocese officially reinstated as a titular Latin bishopric, with the Italian name Scavi di Egnazia, which corresponds to the Latin name Egnatia (in Apulia),