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What is a Trullo?

Introduction



The Trullo goes back to the 16th century and is a part of the architecture of northeast Puglia. They are one-story and have an open front section that can be extended to welcome guests from outside (although this was not always the case). The Trullo has a conical shape and roofs that are flat, wide, and with shingle tiles. The walls are made of stone and covered with plaster from a mixture of lime and straw, so they are almost always white. The Trullo usually has two facades, a street-side, and a garden-side, and the entrances are through arches. Many of these houses were built near towns, usually at the foot of hills or in the hollows of valleys (the lemma sita means "situated on a hill or in a valley") because they were cheap and constructed quickly.

What does Trullo mean?



Trullo is a term in Puglia (in Calabria), which means building a house or construction on ground level, using stones and earth or other natural materials. Trullo is generally translated as "small hut" or "domestic building."

The typology of Trulli is highly varied, but it has some common characteristics: the walls are divided into several parts (three to five) using arches made of boughs that go through the whole construction. The floor is composed of large stones on which the roots of the trees used live. The roofs are made with clay and straw. The most crucial Trullo characteristics were developed in the historical period, but it has been found that constructions from prehistoric times existed as well.

Today, many trulli are covered with terracotta tiles, but this was not the original color of these houses. They have perpetual whitewash to preserve them against rainwater and humidity. This is because the houses were built to reduce heat during the hot summer months.

These houses were built from mud, straw, and wood, sometimes using two or three levels, each smaller than the last. There is a large central pillar in the middle of the building; this is called a Trullo. The roof is made with terracotta tiles, which are baked bricks made of clay fired in an oven.

Materials used in construction



The Trullo has a conical shape and roofs that are flat, wide, and with shingle tiles. The walls are made of stone and covered with plaster from a mixture of lime and straw, so they are almost always white. The Trullo usually has two facades, a street-side, and a garden-side, and the entrances are through arches. Many of these houses were built near towns, usually at the foot of hills or in the hollows of valleys (the lemma sita means "situated on a hill or in a valley") because they were cheap and constructed quickly. The location was convenient for agricultural activities such as wheat harvesting or grape cultivation.

Conclusion



Trulli are a style of building that includes a conical shape, flat roofs, and shingle tiles. They were first built in the 16th century in Puglia, Italy, constructed out of mud, straw, and wood. The design is perfect for a home because it features clean lines and architectural details, preserving their simplicity.
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